Introduction to the Book of Genesis
Overview of the book of Genesis covering authorship, basic outline, and a survey of its contents with the 10 generations (toledot).
Overview of Genesis
- First book of the Old Testament
- First book of the Pentateuch (Torah)
- The Pentateuch refers to the first five books of the Bible
- The name Genesis comes from the Greek translation of the word "generations"
Date and Authorship of Genesis
- Moses is the primary author, and he likely wrote Genesis along with the other books of the Pentateuch around 1400 BC.
Basic Outline of Genesis
- Narrates the history of the world.
- Narrates the history of Israel.
10 Occurences of Toledot in Genesis
1. Genesis 2:4 (Generations of the heaven and earth)
- Two creation accounts given.
- The main character is the creator God.
- Sin enters the world. (Gen 3)
- Cain kills Abel (Gen 4)
2. Genesis 5:1 (Generations of Adam)
- Adam and Eve's obedience to be fruitful and multiply to fill the earth. (Gen 1:28)
3. Genesis 6:9 (Generations of Noah)
- God commands Noah to build an ark to save his family and every type of animal since God is about the judge the world.
- After the flood, God promises never to destroy the earth by water again.
- God repeats his command to Noah to multiply and fill the earth (Gen 9:1)
4. Genesis 10:1 (Generations of the Sons of Noah)
- God re-creates humanity through Noah's son.
- Events of the Tower of Babel created a diversity of nations.
5. Genesis 11:10 (Generations of Shem)
- Generation ends with Terah
6. Genesis 11:26 (Generations of Terah)
- Transitions the narrative from the history of the world to the history of Israel
- God appears to Abraham and instructs him to depart from his homeland Ur to a new promised land (Gen 12:1)
- In addition to the land, God also promised Abraham an offspring and blessing to the entire world through Abraham.
- God fulfills his promise not through Hagar but through Sarah who gives birth to Isaac. (Gen 21)
- God tests Abraham by asking him to sacrifice Isaac. (Gen 22)
- Sarah's death (Gen 23)
- Abraham's servant finds a wife for Isaac (Gen 24)
7. (Generations of Ishmael)
- God is faithful to his promises given to Ishmael (Gen 16:12)
8. Genesis 25:19 (Generations of Isaac)
- The narrative focuses on Jacob.
- Sibling rivalry of Jacob and Esau
- Jacob deceives his father Jacob to give him the blessing.
- Jacob flees to Haran and is deceived by Laban.
- Jacob marries both Leah and Rachel.
- God wrestles with Jacob and renamed Israel. (Gen 32)
- Jacob reconciles with Esau.
9. Genesis 36:1 (Generations of Esau)
- God's blessing for another nation besides Israel.
- Esau is the father of Edom, with whom Israel will have a difficult relationship.
10. Genesis 37:1 (Generations of Jacob)
Bible Studies on the Story of Joseph
- Introduction to the Joseph Narrative in Genesis
- Joseph the Dreamer (Genesis 37:2–11)
- Joseph Sold to Slavery (Genesis 37:12–36)
- Judah and Tamar (Genesis 38)
- Joseph Tempted by Potiphar's Wife (Genesis 39)
- God Remembers Joseph in Prison (Genesis 40)
- Pharoah's Dreams Interpreted (Genesis 41:1–36)
- Joseph Made Prime Minister (Genesis 41:37–57)
- Jacob's Sons' First Trip to Egypt (Genesis 42)
- Jacob Accepts Judah's Guarantee (Genesis 43:1–14)
- Joseph Reunites with Benjamin (Genesis 43:15–34)
- Joseph Plants His Silver Cup (Genesis 44:1–17)
- Judah's Plea for Benjamin (Genesis 44:18–34)
- Judah Becomes Surety for Benjamin (Genesis 44)
- A Portrait of Forgiveness (Genesis 45:1–8)
- It Is Enough (Genesis 45:9–28)
- Prepared to Die (Genesis 46)
- God Rescues Egypt (Genesis 47:1–26)
- "God Will Be With You" (Genesis 47:27–48:22)
- Lion of Judah: When All Is Said and Done (Genesis 49)
- God Meant It For Good (Genesis 50)
Introduction to the Pentateuch